Inflammatory bowel disease in dogs is not just one disease, but this term is called the group of diseases that affect the digestive system, which causes inflammation of the cells of the digestive system, especially the stomach and intestines. The disease results in chronic vomiting and diarrhea. These symptoms appear as a result of attacking the immune system of the digestive organs, including the small intestine, large intestine, and stomach. Inflamed cells cause the lining of the gastrointestinal tract. This change results in the dog having many problems related to nutrition and the body’s absorption of food.
I-Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) In Dog:
If your veterinarian tells you that your dog has inflammatory bowel disease, this means that there is a large group of cells lining the stomach and inflamed. This leads to swelling of parts of the dog’s body and the feeling of pain and this inflammation often occurs as a result of wounds or infection. In addition, a weak stomach lining caused by inflammatory bowel disease leads to the release of toxins in the bloodstream, which may cause more diseases.
1-Diseases of the stomach in dogs:
There are many types of diseases affecting the dog’s stomach, but here we will focus on two different types.
A veterinarian may refer to a disturbed bowel syndrome or inflammatory bowel disease as the same disease, but in fact, they are two different types, Since the disease of the bowel syndrome disorder affects the human and rarely affects dogs, but the symptoms are similar between the two diseases, but what distinguishes inflammatory bowel disease in the dog is infections.
2-The cause of bowel inflammation in dogs:
Despite all the research, scientists and veterinarians have not yet been able to determine the main cause of bowel inflammation in dogs. Some veterinarians believe that the reason for inflammatory bowel disease is that it is a defensive reaction of the immune system to some abnormal factors that make the immune system deemed harmful to the dog’s body.
However, there are many possible reasons which are still under study like :
- Food allergy.
- Chronic anxiety and anxiety.
- Excessive intake of antibiotics.
- Infection with bacteria and fungi.
- Immune system dysfunction.
Food allergies are the most common causes of inflammatory bowel disease. Your dog may be allergic to milk protein (gluten), meat protein, preservatives or artificial colors.
II-Types of dogs most susceptible to Inflammatory bowel disease in dogs:
Studies have shown that certain species of dogs are more susceptible to IBD and because of their inability to determine the cause of the disease, they are unable to determine what makes these species more susceptible to infection, between these factions :
- French Bulldog.
- Basing dogs.
- Land dogs.
- Irish Setter Dog
This disease can affect dogs at any age, but the most vulnerable age in which it is in the middle and late age.
1-Symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs:
- stomach pain.
- Weight loss.
- Sounds of gargling stomach.
- Red bloodstains in the stool.
- Dry fur
2-How to diagnose IBD in dogs:
The disease is diagnosed through a series of tests carried out by the veterinarian in order to diagnose the disease correctly, where a comprehensive physical examination and blood analysis and analysis of feces and these tests will allow the doctor to rule out any other diseases such as bacterial infection, worms or poisoning, in addition, the doctor may take an endoscopic sample of inflamed cells in the lining of the gastrointestinal tract for better examination and diagnosis.
3-Treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs:
The treatment of this disease is through medicines prescribed by the vet, including:
- A corticosteroid such as prednisone.
- Antibiotics such as (Metronidazole).
- Immunosuppressants such as azathioprine.
If vomiting and diarrhea have caused the dog to become dehydrated, the veterinarian will supply him with alternative means by intravenous injection to compensate for the lack of fluid in his body.
III-Treatment of bowel inflammation in dogs by natural methods:
All of these medicines can lead to side effects of the dog, prednisone which is one of the first prescribed medicine but it has many bad side effects, but fortunately, there are many natural methods that can be used to mitigate the effects of this disease, including:
1-Diet change and treatment of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs:
Most experts agree that the beginning of controlling inflammatory bowel disease begins with changing the dog’s diet. The best natural way to reduce the disease is to determine what can cause the dog’s digestive system to become very sensitive and get rid of this cause.
Many times, there is a component in the dog’s food that leads to severe allergies. Therefore, the change in food or protein obtained by the dog in order to reach the best suitable types of dogs.
Another harmful factor that may affect a dog ‘s stomach infection is to eat a diet full of saturated fats. Therefore, you should limit these types of foods as much as possible.
The dog can also eat small meals throughout the day instead of eating one or two large meals.
IV-The development of inflammatory bowel disease in dogs:
Inflammatory bowel disease is untreatable but can be controlled through medication. Your dog’s condition may improve, but it is likely that he will continue to take the medication for the rest of his life but reduce the dose over time. However, in severe cases, it may turn into cancer in the stomach.
V-In the end :
Dog owners should be patient and understand the dog’s weak condition as the dog’s body, especially its digestive system, responds more to new medicines and substances if taken gradually and should not become frustrated when diarrhea does not stop immediately as these diseases require more time.
It is good that IBD is not a life-threatening disease but it affects your dog’s ability to eat well. It may lead to more illnesses in the future. Therefore, if your dog has any symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease, you should go to the vet immediately for appropriate treatment.